Dante claimed in his work X that there were over 2000 different Italian dialects, many of which were indistinguishable or even unrelated to one another.
Dante managed to bring together all of these different dialects and unify them to create what is known as the standard Italian language. His works such as The Divine Popular reached overwhelming popularity and his language inspired the creation of a unified Italian language across the whole country. Although it is not to be forgotten that each region of Italy has their own particular popular language with linguistic features making them distinct to other areas.
Contemporary to Dante's time, the Pope ruled 3/4 of what is now geographically known as Italy and within this state, their were smaller republics such as Florence and Sienna that were owned by extremely wealthy and powerful renaissance Italy families - Medici being one of the many examples. The invasions and conflicts amongst the nobles families inspired the creation of a plethora of beautiful renaissance art such as works by Masaccio, Giotto, Botticelli, Rafael and Michelangelo. They were one of the greatest masters of art worldwide and helped sculpture Italy's identity as a land rich in culture, history and heritage.
Whilst Italy was already known to boast 53% of the world's art collection, visitors did not only come to visit the relics of the important Saints like Peter and Paul, but they also came to witness first hand one of the most spectacular painters of all time: Caravaggio, Guido Reni, Bernini, Borromini, Francesco d’santis and Nicola Salvi. In the same period Rome also temporarily hosted a variety of genius musicians, poets, singers and aristocrats such as Mozart. One of the most important pieces was composed in this city. This cultural influence is just one small part that makes up the masterpiece that is Italy.
People also visit this country for the food, agriculture and warm climate. One of the most authentic roman culinary traditions - the roman dish Amatriciana has been around for centuries. The famous Pizza, that gained its name worldwide in the 70s had already been a fundamental part of Italian culture for around a millennium. Italians have always maintained the same ingredients and cooking traditions making it the healthiest food in the world! These basic famous ingredients include olive oil, garlic, tomatoes, onion, cured meat and Parmesan cheese that has existed for 27 generations. Furthermore after the unification of Italy where all Italians become recognized as one nationality, the King Vittorio Emanuele commemorated that day through the creation of Pizza Margherita, dedicated to his wife and resembled the red, white and green colors of the Italian flag.
The monarchy was abolished and the Vatican became an independent country in 1929 under the new dictator figure, Mussolini. The country became fully communist until 1944 and then Americans came and freed Italy from the German invasions. Italy started to reflourish and the economy and employment opportunities began to boom again.
Italy today is a mixture of ancient culinary traditions, incredible artistic creations, fashion designers, incredible inventors. Making it accessible to anybody regardless of their passions and interests.